Capsicum annuum


General Information:


Capsicum annuum is a species belonging to the genus Capsicum and originated from Mexico. Its plants are considered bushy and can reach a height ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 meters.

White flowers, generally one per knot, carry the fruits from this species. They are green in their unripe stage and mostly red when riped (some varieties can ripe with other colors, such as brown or purple).

This species are generally cultivated in dry and warm weather, although they are resistant to most types of climates. It has possibly become the fastest domesticated Capsicum species to spread worldwide due to its resistance.

Capsicum annuum is a popular source for mild and pungent chilis, cultivated easily in many countries. This species has several different varieties, each one also receiving many different names. The most commonly known varieties of this species are:



References:


The Smithsonian Institute

Bioversity International

Discover Magazine