White flowers, generally one per knot, carry the fruits from this species. They are green in their unripe stage and mostly red when riped (some varieties can ripe with other colors, such as brown or purple).
This species are generally cultivated in dry and warm weather, although they are resistant to most types of climates. It has possibly become the fastest domesticated Capsicum species to spread worldwide due to its resistance.
Capsicum annuum is a popular source for mild and pungent chilis, cultivated easily in many countries. This species has several different varieties, each one also receiving many different names. The most commonly known varieties of this species are:
- Aleppo (also known as Near Eastern pepper, Halaby or Halab)
- Anaheim (also known as California or New Mexican)
- Ancho (dried form of the poblano variety)
- Bell Pepper
- Tepin (Chiltepin, Pequin, Piquin)
- De árbol
- Jalapeño (known as chipotle when it’s smoked)
- New Mexican (more commonly known as Anaheim)
- Poblano (also known as ancho or mulato when dried)