Capsicum chinense


General Information:


Capsicum chinense is a species belonging to the genus Capsicum. Its plants can generally reach a height ranging from 450 millimeters to 1.2 meters. This species is native to South America, mainly from the Amazon region.

White flowers, generally 2 or more per knot (occasionally 1), carry the fruits from this species. They are green in their unripe stage and mostly red when riped (some varieties can ripe with other colors).

This species are mainly cultivated in warm and dry weather.

The species is a popular source for many of the most pungent chili varieties. The most commonly known vareties of this species are:



References:


The Smithsonian Institute

Bioversity International

Discover Magazine