Species: Capsicum baccatum

Aji Amarillo

By Luis Tamayo (https://www.flickr.com/photos/chasqui/10848001563) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Species Capsicum baccatum
Origin South America (Andes)
Scoville Unities 5.000 - 15.000
Pungency Degree 5
Unripe Color Green
Ripe Color Yellow
Length 60 mm
Diameter 20 mm

General Info

Aji is the definition commonly used to describe varieties of pungent chilis in spanish speaking countries from South America. Aji Amarillo is one among several varieties belonging to the south american region (it’s believed to exist more than 300 different varieties). Among all species, Capsicum baccatum is the dominant one. Historical and archaeological information has shown traces of these varieties cultivated for more than 4000 years. It has also been found that the Incas usually decorated clothes and objects to be used on religious and ceremonial rites. There’s also a huge range on the degree of pungency among these chilis, where it can reach up to 8 for some varieties.

Gastronomy Tips and info

Aji Amarillo is often used on several recipes in different countries from South America. It’s also commonly used on sauces and soups.