Species: Capsicum annuum

Cayenne (Caienne, Caiene, Caienna, Caiena)

Species Capsicum annuum
Origin Mexico
Scoville Unities 30.000 - 50.000
Pungency Degree 6
Unripe Color Green
Ripe Color Red
Length 50 - 200 mm
Diameter 10 - 20 mm


General Info


Cayenne is extremelly known due to its unique shape – long, thin and usually distorted. Cayenne is very pungent and can vary greatly in length (from 50 to 200 millimeters).

It is one of the oldest plants in the species, with historical evidences of its existence first written around the year 1540. The name Cayenne comes from the French Guiana capital’s name, as well from the name of the river where these chilis were first (not anymore) cultivaded.


Cultivation


Cayenne seeds germinate generally after 20 days. Cayenne plants can take more than 90 days to reach their ripe state and their height can rage from 450 to 750 millimeters.


Gastronomy Tips and Info


Cayenne chilis are commonly dried to be used on several recipes. Besides their high pungent degree, their flavor is usually bitter. Cayenne chilis are cultivaded in large scale and most part of the production is destinated to the manufacturing of chili powder. They are ground on thick flocks but their flavor can have a higher quality if they are bought fresh and ground at the moment they will be used.