Species: Capsicum annuum

Jalapeño

Species Capsicum annuum
Origin Mexico
Scoville Unities 5.000 - 15.000
Pungency Degree 5
Unripe Color Green
Ripe Color Red
Length 75 mm
Diameter 35 mm


General Info


Jalapeño is a mexican classic! Jalapeño chilis are juicy and point rounded, which make them easily recognizable. Their flavor is excellent and is one of the most famous and appreciated chili. Jalapeño is originated from the city of Jalapa (also know as Xalapa), Mexico. In the USA, mainly in New Mexico, there is a variety called TAM Jalapeño, which has a shorter ripe cycle. There are Jalapeño varieties with bigger fruits, for instance, the ones called Giant, Conchos and El Jefe.


Cultivation


Jalapeño seeds germinate generally after 14 days. Jalapeño plants can take more than 90 days to reach their ripe state and their height can rage from 440 millimeters. Their roots are robust and spread numerously down and to the sides. Jalapeño chilis are generally harvested unriped, just before reaching the red ripe color. Each Jalapeño plant generally produces 30 chilis per season.


Gastronomy Tips and info


Jalapeño chilis are extremely appreciated in many different countries. They are used on thousands of recipes, including stuffing, sauces, soups and much more. Fresh Jalapeño is frquently used in salads, mainly with tomatoes. They are indispensable on Nacho recipes. In Mexico, they are also slowly smoked and receive a new name: Chipotle. Only green Jalapeño are eaten raw, never the red ones.